TECHNOLOGY

Cutting-edge Computer Vision technology is the heart of our company.

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Scene Reconstruction from Video

Our bread and butter is the retrieval of 3D information from images using simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) and structure from motion (SfM) techniques. Our algorithms allow to reconstruct 3D scenes and camera motion from any image sequence captured with devices such as GoPros, smartphones, or integrated cameras of modern vehicles.

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Building Reconstruction and Modeling

Automated recording, digitization, classification, and structuring of building surfaces
  • Building information modeling (BIM)
  • Reconstruction from camera images
  • Semantic segmentation of images and pointclouds
  • Focus on facades: Digi-PV project
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Dataset Construction: Interactive Tools for Automated 2D/3D-Annotation

For new, vision-based AI tasks, special annotation of image content is required.
We develop flexible, semi-automatic toolchains for the targeted tasks.

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Road Condition Estimation

For the camera-based determinination of the current road condition, classification and uncertainty estimation using machine learning is incorporated.
Never give up your steering wheel without knowing the road condition!

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Uncertainty Estimation in Deep Learning

Many automated driving applications rely on computer vision models based on deep learning.
Predictions from these models are subject to uncertainty due to limited learning data.
How sure are these models in their prediction? - We employ models for uncertainty which provide valid estimations for data which is not whithin the learning dataset distribution.

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Object Motion Estimation

While SfM and SLAM focus on static geometry, object segmentation techniques retrieve shape, type, and motion of moving objects. Among the approaches we use in our software are
  • Panoptic video segmentation
  • Variational approaches for video and motion segmentation
  • RANSAC and hypergraph based hypothesis generation
  • AI based localization, tracking, and classification
Application example: Lane Merge Coordination

 

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Trajectory Prediction

Based on past trajectories, we predict the most probable future behaviour of objects.
Our model provides multiple diverse and realistic future trajectories using an efficient, real-time capable AI approach.
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Camera Calibration

To reconstruct a highly accurate 3D scene from an image sequence it is paramount to know the specifics of the camera, such as the focal length or the type and amount of distortion introduced by the lens. We have considerable experience at quickly and accurately calibrating a wide range of different cameras, from almost-ideal pinhole to strongly distorted fisheye. Common tasks include
  • Guided calibration: computation of camera parameters using known calibration patterns for individual cameras and multi-camera setups
  • Registration: estimation of camera parameters based on known 3D geometry.
  • Self-calibration: optimization of calibration during acquisition. Automatically selected image features provide calibration landmarks.
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Stereo

Depth-from-stereo has become ever more relevant over the last few years since more stereo cameras are integrated into smartphones and modern vehicles. We develop algorithms to produce accurate depth maps from stereo image pairs using dense matching, optical flow, and machine learning approaches.
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Point Cloud Processing

As a result from reconstruction techniques, point clouds and meshes are used for 3D model generation. 3D models have measurable attributes, such as size, shape, and distances to other models. These attributes enable applications, e.g., for obstacle detection in automated driving scenarios. Object clustering and fitting provides the identification based on 3D points and specific models.

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Semantic Scene Reconstruction

Many applications benefit from knowing not only where objects are, but also what they are. Semantic analysis, i.e., classifying the content of an image or a 3D scene, is an important tool to gain a more complete understanding of the environment. At VISCODA we know the benefits and limits of both data-driven and model-based approaches, enabling us to fuse cutting-edge machine learning with traditional Computer Vision to find the optimal solution for the given problem.
  • Machine learning techniques: powerful real-time performance for dedicated tasks, such as object detection, classification, and segmentation
  • Deep learning: large scale optimization for reference results
  • Data set generation: developing tools for automatic augmentation and semi-automatic ground truth generation.
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Resource Adaptive Scene Analysis and Reconstruction

For real-time applications, 3D scene reconstruction accuracy and object detection reliability depends on resource limitations such as hardware-specific computation power. Our objective is to achieve the optimal balance between accuracy and computation time through fusion of classical algorithms with novel machine learning techniques.
Some of these techniques were developed as part of the RaSar research project.